OSPF Network Type , Point-to-Point & Broadcast Network Type LAB
OSPF Network Type: there are 3 types of network available in OSPF Network Type which are as follows:
- NBMA (non-broadcast multi-access)
We will be talking about only 2 network types in this article i.e Point-to-Point and Broadcast Network type in OSPF.
In point-to-point network two device (router) connected together directly with single Serial Link. Point-to-point network two router connected using serial interface and using PPP or HDLC protocol.
in point-to-point network OSPF does not select DR & BDR as there is no requirement for this DR/BDR Election Process because Connection is point-to-point, so there is no possibility of loop.
here is the diagram of point-to-point network in ospf
! ***R1's Configuration *** hostname R1 ! interface Serial1/0 ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.252 clock rate 64000 ! router ospf 1 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 ! ! ***R2's Configuration *** hostname R2 ! interface Serial1/1 ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.252 ! router ospf 1 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.3 area 0
Configuration of Router 1 & Router 2 is above.
you can check network connection type by using command #show ip ospf interface s0/1
As the name suggests, broadcast networks support the “broadcast” capability, meaning that a broadcast/multicast packet sent by one device on the network can be received by all/some of the other devices. These types of networks are also multi-access because more than two devices can be connected to them. Ethernet is an example of a broadcast network.
On broadcast networks, neighbors are dynamically discovered by the hellos that sent to the multicast address of 18.104.22.168. Also, DR and BDR are elected on these networks.
Note: In a bid to reduce the number of OSPF adjacencies, other routers (non-DR/BDR) only form full adjacencies with the DR/BDR and not with each other.
The lab setup below shows a typical broadcast network. All routers connect to the network via their Ethernet0/0 interface:
Here is Video for these 2 network Configuration
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